Istanbul is a capital that wears its cultures and history well, combination them into an thrilling city that has much to recommend travelers from around the world. Founded during Neolithic times, Istanbul today is a modern city that remains true to its ancient tradition through its mosques, basilicas and ancient Markets. Located between the East and the West, Turkey prime city offers an attraction that will appeal to all visitors. Here we are looking at the top tourist places in Istanbul:
10. Galata Tower:
The height of Galata Tower is 219 feet, the Galata Tower rules over the Istanbul skyline, offering great views of the old city and its surroundings. Another name of medieval stone tower is the Tower of Christ which was the tallest building in Istanbul when build in 1348.The tower has been customized over the centuries. Today, its upper reaches include a café and a night club, both reached by Lift in the nine-story building, where one can find the eye-catching vistas.
9. Istanbul Archaeological Museum:
The Istanbul Archaeological Museum is one of the most important museum in Turkey , the Istanbul Archaeological Museum is based on three separate buildings which have more than 1 million stuff from civilizations around the world. It was the first museum of Turkey, Founded in 1891, and is situated on what used to be the grounds of the outer parks of Topkapi Palace. The museums contain thousands of valuable artifacts, as well as the sarcophagus of Alexander the Great.
8. Chora Church:
The Chora Church may be a small of the beaten tourist pathway, but visitors say the beautiful complex art is well worth the effort to get there. Glorious mosaics and frescoes represent the life of Jesus and his mother Mary. Dating back to the days of Constantine, the Chora was a monastery in its early years, a few centuries later, it became a mosque and it was converted to a museum in 1948.
7. Basilica Cistern:
The Basilica Cistern has been providing Istanbul residents with water since the sixth century when it was structured built by the Roman ruler Justinian I. A visit leaves travelers raving about the technology the ancient Romans used to build this architectural wonder that was very advanced for its day. Known as the Sunken Palace, the cistern s one of the locations used in From Russia with Love, a James Bond movie filmed in 1963.
6. Dolmabahce Palace:
Luxurious, plush and beautiful are just some of the adjectives used to describe the Dolmabahce Palace, which has been compared to the Palace of Versailles. Built in the 19th century using 14 tons of gold leaf, Turkey most glamorous palace blends traditional Ottoman architecture with the European styles of Neoclassical, Baroque and Rococo. Home to six sultans from 1856 to 1924, the palace setting is stunning: It was built along the Bosphorus coastline.
5. Suleymaniye Mosque:
Visitors to the Suleymaniye Mosque say its beauty and peacefulness gives them an inspiring sense of spirituality. Located on the Third Hill of Istanbul, the mosque was built in 1550 by the Sultan Suleymanthe Magnificent. The mosque, indeed, is magnificent, blending the best of Islamic and Byzantine architecture. The mosque was extensively damaged over the years, including during World War I when a fire broke out while the gardens were used as a weapons depot.
4. Grand Bazaar:
Travelers who love to shop should miss out on a visit to the Grand Bazaar, with 5,000 shops making it one of the largest indoor marketplaces in the world. Receiving more than a quarter-million visitors a day, the bazaar features such items as jewelry, carpets that may or may not fly, spices, antiques and hand-painted ceramics. The bazaar dates back to 1461 and today is home to two mosques, four fountains, two hammams and the jewelry market, where the rarest and most valuable items have been found traditionally.
3. Topkapi Palace:
Topkapi Palace is one of the must-see attractions in Istanbul that combines history and stunning scenery in an experience that is not to be rushed. The palace, which dates back to the 15th century, is situated on a hill overlooking the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn. At one time it was an official royal residence of the Ottoman Empire sultans and seat of Turkish government, but is now a museum. Visitors can get a glimpse of the hare quarters, where the government worked, the palace kitchens with a huge porcelain collection, and the treasury with its collection of jewels and clocks.
2. Blue Mosque:
The Blue Mosque, built in the early 17th century, remains an active house of worship today. This means visitors need to time their visits carefully, as the mosque is closed to sightseers during the five daily prayer times for Muslims. All visitors must remove their shoes and women must cover their hair. This is a small price to pay for seeing its priceless treasures that include 20,000 ceramic tiles in various tulip designs and 200 stained glass windows, all with intricate designs. The mosque, built by Sultan Ahmed, takes its name from the blue tiles on the dome and the upper levels of the interior.
1. Hagia Sophia:
The Hagia Sophia was once a house of worship that served several religions well over the centuries. It started out as a Greek Eastern Orthodox basilica that was home to the Patriarch of Constantinople when it was built in 537.For almost six decades in the 12th century it was a Roman Catholic church. It became a mosque in 1453, remaining that way until 1935, when it reopened as a museum. At one time, it was the largest cathedral in the world and served as the inspiration for other mosques, including the Blue Mosque. It is most famous for its mosaics depicting various religious scenes.